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The strings within a grand piano.

The piano is an instrument containing black and white 'keys' that are attatched to strings. Pianos are commonly used in classical and jazz music, typically for ensembles, solos or accompaniment.[1]


There are several types of pianos, which include:

  1. Grand piano
    • Typically a mechanical instrument
    • Long strings make for full, blanced tones[2]
    • Typically three pedals[3]
  2. Upright (vertical) piano
    • Also mechanical
    • Strings are vertical, hence smaller size[4]
    • Pedal mechanisms differ from grand pianos[5]
  3. Digital piano
    • Sound quality differs from prices of digital pianos
    • Also includes pedals